(Alpha Canis Majoris B) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in the early nineteenth century. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation although there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.
More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the dwarf star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Sirius B, the location is 06h 45m 09.0 and -16 ° 43` 06 .
Sirius B has a spectral type of DA2. This means the star is a white dwarf star. Sirius B lies at a distance of 8.60 light years away from our Sun and our planet Earth or to put it another way, 2.64 parsecs away from the Sun.
Sirius B has an apparent magnitude of 8.44 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Sirius B is an estimated 8.60 light years from our Solar System (Earth and Sun). It would take a spaceship 8.60 years travelling at the speed of light to get there. We don't have a space ship that can travel that distance or at that speed yet.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||Sirius B|
|Alternative Names||Alpha Canis Majoris B|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||Yes|
|Star Type||Dwarf Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||8.44|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||06h 45m 09.0|
|Declination (Dec.)||-16 ° 43` 06|
|Distance from the Sun / Earth||8.60 Light Years|
|Associated / Clustered Stars||Sirius|
|Radius (x the Sun)||0.00|
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