S Trianguli Australis is a blue to white pulsating luminous giant star that can be located in the constellation of TriangulumAustrale. S Trianguli Australis is the brightest star in Triangulum Australe based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
HIP78476 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD142941.
S Trianguli Australis has alternative name(s), S TrA.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For S Trianguli Australis, the location is 16h 01m 10.72 and -63d46`35.5 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -3.42 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -2.29 ± 0.56 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
S Trianguli Australis has a spectral type of F8II. This means the star is a blue to white luminous giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.56 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,968 Kelvin.
S Trianguli Australis Radius has been calculated as being 28.53 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 19,849,767.87.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 19.29. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
S Trianguli Australis has an apparent magnitude of 6.42 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.57 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.72. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.59 which gave the calculated distance to S Trianguli Australis as 2051.34 light years away from Earth or 628.93 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 2051.34 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.35 which put S Trianguli Australis at a distance of 1387.93 light years or 425.53 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a pulsating Delta Cepheid variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. S Trianguli Australis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.927 to a magnitude of 6.133 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 6.3 days (variability).
|Traditional/Proper Name||S Trianguli Australis|
|Short Name||S TrA|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||78476|
|Henry Draper Designation||142941|
|Star Type||luminous giant star|
|Absolute Magnitude||-2.57 / -1.72|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||6.42|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||16h 01m 10.72|
|Galactic Latitude||-8.22 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||322.13 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||1.59 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|2051.34 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||2.35 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|1387.93 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-3.42 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-2.29 ± 0.56 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||2.20 ± 1.30 km/s|
|Colour||(F) blue to white|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Delta Cepheid|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||6.324|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||6.133 - 6.927|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||5,968 Kelvin|