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Tau1 Gruis, HD216435, HIP113044

Tau1 Gruis is a white to yellow subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Grus. Tau1 Gruis is the brightest star in Grus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it. The star has an estimated age of 5.30 Billion of Years but could be as young as 5.00 to 5.70 according to Hipparcos.

Tau1 Gruis is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP113044 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD216435. Tau1 Gruis has at least 1 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.

Location of Tau1 Gruis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Tau1 Gruis, the location is 22h 53m 37.74 and -48d35`53.1 .

Proper Motion of Tau1 Gruis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -81.76 ± 0.25 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 217.04 ± 0.39 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Metallicity, Age, Mass, Radius) of Tau1 Gruis

Tau1 Gruis has a spectral type of G3IV. This means the star is a white to yellow subgiant star. The star is 7384.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24083.9013209600000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.62 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,824 Kelvin.

Tau1 Gruis Radius has been calculated as being 1.90 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,321,026.48.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.86. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's solar mass is 1.30 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

The star's metallicity is 0.244000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 5.30 Billion years old but could be between 5.00 and 5.70 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

Tau1 Gruis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Tau1 Gruis has an apparent magnitude of 6.03 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.42 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.46. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Tau1 Gruis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 30.04 which gave the calculated distance to Tau1 Gruis as 108.58 light years away from Earth or 33.29 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 108.58 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 30.66 which put Tau1 Gruis at a distance of 106.38 light years or 32.62 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,384.00 Parsecs or 24,083.90 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Tau1 Gruis Facts

Alternative Names

Bayer DesignationTau1 Gruis
Hipparcos Library I.D.113044
Henry Draper Designation216435

Visual Facts

Star Typesubgiant star
Age5.30 Billion Years Old
Age Range5.00 - 5.70 Billion Years Old
Metalicity0.2440
Absolute Magnitude3.42 / 3.46
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.03
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)22h 53m 37.74
Declination (Dec.)-48d35`53.1
Galactic Latitude-58.71 degrees
Galactic Longitude341.69 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth30.04 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 108.58 Light Years
 33.29 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth30.66 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 106.38 Light Years
 32.62 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,083.90 Light Years / 7,384.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-81.76 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.217.04 ± 0.39 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.62
Radial Velocity-1.10 ± 0.62 km/s
Iron Abundance0.19 ± 0.01 Fe/H
Spectral TypeG3IV
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count1

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,824 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun1.30
Metallicity0.24400

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars


List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting Tau1 Gruis


NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastron
Hd 216435 BConfirmed1.261311.0000.0720022.56100.000

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