T Coronae Borealis is a red cataclysmic giant star that can be located in the constellation of CoronaBorealis. T Coronae Borealis is the brightest star in Corona Borealis based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
HIP78322 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD143454.
T Coronae Borealis has alternative name(s), T CrB.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For T Coronae Borealis, the location is 15h 59m 30.17 and +25d55`12.5 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 9.81 ± 0.98 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -5.97 ± 1.74 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 10.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.
T Coronae Borealis has a spectral type of M3III + pec. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.33 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,273 Kelvin. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
T Coronae Borealis has an apparent magnitude of 10.08 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.05. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -1.61 which gave the calculated distance to T Coronae Borealis as -2025.86 light years away from Earth or -621.12 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -2025.86 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.94 which put T Coronae Borealis at a distance of 3469.82 light years or 1063.83 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a cataclysmic Recurrent Novae variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. T Coronae Borealis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.296 to a magnitude of 9.985 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 112.9 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Traditional/Proper Name||T Coronae Borealis|
|Short Name||T CrB|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||78322|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD+26 2765|
|Henry Draper Designation||143454|
|Star Type||giant star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||10.08|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 4.5 - 6 Inch Telescope - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||15h 59m 30.17|
|Galactic Latitude||48.16 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||42.37 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||-1.61 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|-2025.86 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||0.94 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|3469.82 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||9.81 ± 0.98 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-5.97 ± 1.74 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||-27.79 ± 0.13 km/s|
|Spectral Type||M3III + pec|
|Variable Star Class||Cataclysmic|
|Variable Star Type||Recurrent Novae|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||112.900|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||9.985 - 10.296|
|Luminosity (x the Sun)||10.0000000|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||4,273 Kelvin|
The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.
|Proper Motion mas/yr|
|H.D. Id||B.D. Id||Star Code||Magnitude||R.A.||Dec.||Spectrum||Colour||Year|