Universe Guide


Theta Cephei - HD195725 - HIP101093

Theta Cephei is a blue giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cepheus. Theta Cephei is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP101093 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD195725. Theta Cephei has alternative name(s), 2 Cephei , 2 Cep.

Location of Theta Cephei

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Theta Cephei, the location is 20h 29m 34.83 and +62d59`38.9 .

Proper Motion of Theta Cephei

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -012.59 ± 000.54 towards the north and 045.07 ± 000.60 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Theta Cephei

Theta Cephei has a spectral type of A7III. This means the star is a blue giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.19 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,827 Kelvin.

Theta Cephei has been calculated as 3.05 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,119,269.88.km.

Theta Cephei Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Theta Cephei has an apparent magnitude of 4.21 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.11 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.10. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Theta Cephei

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 24.04 which gave the calculated distance to Theta Cephei as 135.68 light years away from Earth or 41.60 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 135.68 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 23.90 which put Theta Cephei at a distance of 136.47 light years or 41.84 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Theta Cephei Facts

Alternative Names

Short Name2 Cep
Bayer DesignationTheta Cephei
Alternative Name(s)2 Cephei
Hipparcos Library I.D.101093
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+62 1821
Henry Draper Designation195725

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude1.11 / 1.10
Apparent Magnitude4.21
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 29m 34.83
Declination (Dec.)+62d59`38.9
1997 Distance from Earth24.04 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 135.68 Light Years
 41.60 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth23.90 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 136.47 Light Years
 41.84 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-12.59 ± 0.54 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.45.07 ± 0.60 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.19
Semi-Major Axis14.26
Orbital Period (Days)840.60
Argument Of Periastron83.70
Spectral TypeA7III
Colour(A) blue

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)3.05
Calculated Effective Temperature7,827 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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