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Theta Circini, HD131492, HIP73129, HR5551

Theta Circini is a blue eruptive star that can be located in the constellation of Circinus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Theta Circini is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR5551. HIP73129 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD131492.

Theta Circini has alternative name(s), the Cir.

Location of Theta Circini

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Theta Circini, the location is 14h 56m 44.00 and -62d 46` 51.6 .

Proper Motion of Theta Circini

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -11.69 ± 0.17 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -11.70 ± 0.29 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 3.00000 km/s with an error of about 3.70 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Theta Circini

Theta Circini has a spectral type of B4Vnp. This means the star is a blue star. The star is 7077.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23082.5798548800000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.02 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 9,839 Kelvin.

Theta Circini Radius has been calculated as being 7.93 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 5,514,487.43.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 14.36. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Theta Circini Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Theta Circini has an apparent magnitude of 5.08 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.96 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.25. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Theta Circini

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.91 which gave the calculated distance to Theta Circini as 834.18 light years away from Earth or 255.75 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 834.18 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.16 which put Theta Circini at a distance of 1510.02 light years or 462.96 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,077.00 Parsecs or 23,082.58 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of Theta Circini

The star is a eruptive Gamma Cassiopeiae variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Theta Circini brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.130 to a magnitude of 4.858 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.3 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Theta Circini Facts

Alternative Names

Short Namethe Cir
Bayer DesignationTheta Circini
Hipparcos Library I.D.73129
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id5551
Henry Draper Designation131492

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude-1.96 / -3.25
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.08
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)14h 56m 44.00
Declination (Dec.)-62d 46` 51.6
Galactic Latitude-3.31 degrees
Galactic Longitude316.71 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.91 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 834.18 Light Years
 255.75 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth2.16 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1510.02 Light Years
 462.96 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,082.58 Light Years / 7,077.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-11.69 ± 0.17 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-11.70 ± 0.29 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.02
Radial Velocity3.00 ± 3.70 km/s
Spectral TypeB4Vnp
Colour(B) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEruptive
Variable Star TypeGamma Cassiopeiae
Mean Variability Period in Days0.276
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.858 - 5.130

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature9,839 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
131492-62 4337.4A6.20000-6.00000-3.00000B3Blue/White

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