TV Geminorum is a red pulsating supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Gemini. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
HIP29416 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD42475.
TV Geminorum has alternative name(s) :- , TV Gem.
BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+21 1146.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For TV Geminorum, the location is 06h 11m 51.41 and +21° 52` 05.7 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -2.41 ± 0.34 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 0.29 ± 0.58 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 20.42000 km/s with an error of about 1.06 km/s .
TV Geminorum has a spectral type of M1:Iavar. This means the star is a red supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 2.14 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 945 Kelvin. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.18 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.
TV Geminorum has an apparent magnitude of 6.93 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.96. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -0.67 which gave the calculated distance to TV Geminorum as -4868.11 light years away from Earth or -1492.54 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -4868.11 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.05 which put TV Geminorum at a distance of 3106.32 light years or 952.38 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a pulsating Semiregular late- (M, C, S or Me, Ce, Se) supergiants (Mu Cep) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. TV Geminorum brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.873 to a magnitude of 6.258 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.6 days (variability).
|Alternative Names||HD 42475, HIP 29416, BD+21 1146, TV Gem|
|Star Type||very luminous Supergiant Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||6.93|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||06h 11m 51.41|
|Declination (Dec.)||+21° 52` 05.7|
|Galactic Latitude||1.60 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||189.08 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||-0.67 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|-4868.11 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||1.05 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|3106.32 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-2.41 ± 0.34 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||0.29 ± 0.58 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||20.42 ± 1.06 km/s|
|Iron Abundance||0.18 ± 9.99 Fe/H|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Semiregular late- (M, C, S or Me, Ce, Se) supergiants (Mu Cep)|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||0.638|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||6.258 - 6.873|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||945 Kelvin|