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TY Pyxidis, HD77137, HIP44164

TY Pyxidis is a white to yellow eclipsing/detached system/close binary system main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Pyxis. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. The star has an estimated age of 3.90 Billion of Years but could be as young as 3.70 to 4.10 according to Hipparcos.

TY Pyxidis's Alternative Names

HIP44164 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD77137.

TY Pyxidis has alternative name(s) :- , TY Pyx.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of TY Pyxidis

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For TY Pyxidis, the location is 08h 59m 42.75 and -27° 48` 58.3 .

Proper Motion of TY Pyxidis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -44.36 ± 0.39 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -44.46 ± 0.52 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 63.20000 km/s with an error of about 1.00 km/s .

TY Pyxidis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 5.35 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age) of TY Pyxidis

TY Pyxidis has a spectral type of G5V. This means the star is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7,416.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,188.27 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.69 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,594 Kelvin.

TY Pyxidis Radius has been calculated as being 2.33 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,621,481.44.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.36. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.02 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 3.90 Billion years old but could be between 3.70 and 4.10 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

TY Pyxidis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

TY Pyxidis has an apparent magnitude of 6.88 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.15 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.12. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to TY Pyxidis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 17.91 which gave the calculated distance to TY Pyxidis as 182.11 light years away from Earth or 55.83 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 182.11 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 17.73 which put TY Pyxidis at a distance of 183.96 light years or 56.40 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,416.00 Parsecs or 24,188.27 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of TY Pyxidis

The star is a eclipsing/detached system/close binary system Beta Persei (Algol)/Detached System/Close Binary System (subtype) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. TY Pyxidis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.590 to a magnitude of 6.960 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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TY Pyxidis Facts

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameTY Pyxidis
Alternative NamesHD 77137, HIP 44164, TY Pyx
Spectral TypeG5V
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type main sequence Dwarf Star
Colour white to yellow
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationPyxis
Age3.90 Billion Years Old
Age Range3.70 - 4.10 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude3.15 / 3.12
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.88
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)08h 59m 42.75
Declination (Dec.)-27° 48` 58.3
Galactic Latitude11.84 degrees
Galactic Longitude252.96 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth17.91 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 182.11 Light Years
 55.83 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth17.73 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 183.96 Light Years
 56.40 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,188.27 Light Years / 7,416.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-44.36 ± 0.39 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-44.46 ± 0.52 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.69
Radial Velocity63.20 ± 1.00 km/s
Iron Abundance0.02 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.40
Semi-Major Axis4829.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)5.35

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassEclipsing/Detached System/Close Binary System
Variable Star TypeBeta Persei (Algol)/Detached System/Close Binary System (subtype)
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.960 - 7.590

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature5,594 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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