U Cygni is a carbon red pulsating star that can be located in the constellation of Cygnus. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
HIP100219 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD193680.
U Cygni has alternative name(s), U Cyg.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For U Cygni, the location is 20h 19m 36.60 and +47d 53` 39.1 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 1.95 ± 0.59 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -0.63 ± 0.73 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 10.00000 km/s with an error of about 0.90 km/s .
U Cygni has a spectral type of Cme. This means the star is a carbon red star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 3.31 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 0 Kelvin. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
U Cygni has an apparent magnitude of 8.25 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.52 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.32. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.11 which gave the calculated distance to U Cygni as 2938.41 light years away from Earth or 900.90 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 2938.41 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.93 which put U Cygni at a distance of 1689.97 light years or 518.13 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a pulsating Omicron Ceti variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. U Cygni brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.250 to a magnitude of 7.071 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 460.0 days (variability).
|Traditional/Proper Name||U Cygni|
|Short Name||U Cyg|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||100219|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD+47 3077|
|Henry Draper Designation||193680|
|Absolute Magnitude||-1.52 / -0.32|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||8.25|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||20h 19m 36.60|
|Declination (Dec.)||+47d 53` 39.1|
|Galactic Latitude||6.57 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||84.21 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||1.11 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|2938.41 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||1.93 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|1689.97 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||1.95 ± 0.59 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-0.63 ± 0.73 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||10.00 ± 0.90 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Omicron Ceti|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||460.000|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||7.071 - 9.250|