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Upsilon Geminorum, 69 Geminorum, HD60522, HIP36962

Upsilon Geminorum is a orange to red pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Gemini. Upsilon Geminorum is the brightest star in Gemini based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Upsilon Geminorum is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP36962 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD60522.

Upsilon Geminorum has alternative name(s), NSV 03652.

Location of Upsilon Geminorum

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Upsilon Geminorum, the location is 07h 35m 55.37 and +26d53`45.6 .

Proper Motion of Upsilon Geminorum

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -106.96 ± 0.48 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -34.12 ± 0.68 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Upsilon Geminorum Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 32.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Upsilon Geminorum

Upsilon Geminorum has a spectral type of K5III. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star is 7475.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24380.7099640000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.54 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,913 Kelvin.

Upsilon Geminorum Radius has been calculated as being 23.11 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 16,083,141.52.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 26.05. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.27 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

Upsilon Geminorum Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Upsilon Geminorum has an apparent magnitude of 4.06 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.28 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.54. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Upsilon Geminorum

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 13.57 which gave the calculated distance to Upsilon Geminorum as 240.36 light years away from Earth or 73.69 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 240.36 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 12.04 which put Upsilon Geminorum at a distance of 270.90 light years or 83.06 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,475.00 Parsecs or 24,380.71 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of Upsilon Geminorum

The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Upsilon Geminorum brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.231 to a magnitude of 4.154 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Upsilon Geminorum Facts

Alternative Names

Flamsteed Name69 Geminorum
Flamsteed Short Name69 Gem
Short NameNSV 03652
Bayer DesignationUpsilon Geminorum
Hipparcos Library I.D.36962
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+27 1424
Henry Draper Designation60522

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-0.28 / -0.54
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.06
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)07h 35m 55.37
Declination (Dec.)+26d53`45.6
Galactic Latitude21.06 degrees
Galactic Longitude192.61 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth13.57 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 240.36 Light Years
 73.69 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth12.04 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 270.90 Light Years
 83.06 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,380.71 Light Years / 7,475.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-106.96 ± 0.48 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-34.12 ± 0.68 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.54
Radial Velocity-21.61 ± 0.20 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.27 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeK5III
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral
Mean Variability Period in Days0.027
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.154 - 4.231

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)32.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature3,913 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
60522+27 1424.0A4.20000-33.00000-109.00000K5Orange
B13.200001911

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