Universe Guide

Upsilon Sagittarii (46 Sagittarii A) Star Facts

Upsilon Sagittarii Facts

  • Upsilon Sagittarii is a eruptive variable star that can be located in the constellation of Sagittarius. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Upsilon Sagittarii is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (F2p) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 1782.31 light years away from us. Distance

Upsilon Sagittarii's Alternative Names

Upsilon Sagittarii (Ups Sgr) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR7342. HIP95176 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD181615.

Upsilon Sagittarii has alternative name(s) :- , ups Sgr.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 46 Sagittarii A. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 46 Sgr A.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 176 G. Sagittarii. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD-16 5283.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Upsilon Sagittarii

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Upsilon Sagittarii, the location is 19h 21m 43.62 and -15° 57` 18.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Upsilon Sagittarii

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -6.25 ± 0.12 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 1.34 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 13.30000 km/s with an error of about 4.20 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Upsilon Sagittarii

Upsilon Sagittarii Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of F2p , Upsilon Sagittarii's colour and type is yellow to white variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.07 which means the star's temperature is about 8,878 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

Upsilon Sagittarii Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 3,911.90 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Upsilon Sagittarii Radius

Upsilon Sagittarii estimated radius has been calculated as being 25.25 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 17,571,025.68.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 26.934819128724798533187845130. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Upsilon Sagittarii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Upsilon Sagittarii has an apparent magnitude of 4.52 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.03 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.17. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Upsilon Sagittarii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.95000 which gave the calculated distance to Upsilon Sagittarii as 1672.63 light years away from Earth or 512.82 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 9,832,765,157,948,101.59, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.83000 which put Upsilon Sagittarii at a distance of 1782.31 light years or 546.45 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 112,712,617.98 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 6,921.00 Parsecs or 22,573.77 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to Upsilon Sagittarii

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A3807361,623,976,527.22
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.2691,557,793,582.22
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54778,895,775.95
New Horizons Probe33,00036,219,597.70
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,782.31

Variable Type of Upsilon Sagittarii

The star is a eruptive Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Upsilon Sagittarii brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.649 to a magnitude of 4.505 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Upsilon Sagittarii Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameUpsilon Sagittarii
Alternative NamesUps Sgr, HD 181615, HIP 95176, HR 7342, 176 G. Sagittarii, 46 Sagittarii A, 46 Sgr A, BD-16 5283, ups Sgr
Spectral TypeF2p
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -4.03 / -4.17
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.52
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)19h 21m 43.62
Declination (Dec.)-15° 57` 18.0
Galactic Latitude-13.77465171 degrees
Galactic Longitude21.83891369 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.95000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1672.63 Light Years
 512.82 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.83000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1782.31 Light Years
 546.45 Parsecs
 112,712,617.98 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance22,573.77 Light Years / 6,921.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-6.25000 ± 0.12000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.1.34000 ± 0.23000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.07
Radial Velocity13.30000 ± 4.20 km/s
Semi-Major Axis6973.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)3911.9000000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEruptive
Variable Star TypeIrregular
Mean Variability Period in Days0.110
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.505 - 4.649

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)26.93
Effective Temperature8,878 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Location of Upsilon Sagittarii in Sagittarius

Upsilon Sagittarii Location in Sagittarius

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

Sagittarius Main Stars

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