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V3894 Sagittarii, HD161756, HIP87163

V3894 Sagittarii is a blue eclipsing binary system star that can be located in the constellation of Sagittarius. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP87163 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD161756. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 4. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

V3894 Sagittarii has alternative name(s), V3894 Sgr.

Location of V3894 Sagittarii

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V3894 Sagittarii, the location is 17h 48m 27.84 and -26d 58` 29.8 .

Proper Motion of V3894 Sagittarii

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -4.90 ± 0.26 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -1.19 ± 0.38 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 9.00000 km/s with an error of about 3.20 km/s .

V3894 Sagittarii Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 1060.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of V3894 Sagittarii

V3894 Sagittarii has a spectral type of B3Vn. This means the star is a blue star. The star is 7037.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 22952.1145172800000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.09 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,538 Kelvin.

V3894 Sagittarii Radius has been calculated as being 8.13 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 5,658,343.05.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 8.67. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

V3894 Sagittarii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

V3894 Sagittarii has an apparent magnitude of 6.31 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.40 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.54. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to V3894 Sagittarii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.87 which gave the calculated distance to V3894 Sagittarii as 1136.46 light years away from Earth or 348.43 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1136.46 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.69 which put V3894 Sagittarii at a distance of 1212.50 light years or 371.75 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,037.00 Parsecs or 22,952.11 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of V3894 Sagittarii

The star is a eclipsing binary system Beta Lyrae (Sheliak) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. V3894 Sagittarii brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.462 to a magnitude of 6.314 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 2.6 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

V3894 Sagittarii Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameV3894 Sagittarii
Short NameV3894 Sgr
Hipparcos Library I.D.87163
Gould I.D.4
Henry Draper Designation161756

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude-1.40 / -1.54
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.31
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)17h 48m 27.84
Declination (Dec.)-26d 58` 29.8
Galactic Latitude0.48 degrees
Galactic Longitude2.00 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.87 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1136.46 Light Years
 348.43 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth2.69 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1212.50 Light Years
 371.75 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance22,952.11 Light Years / 7,037.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-4.90 ± 0.26 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-1.19 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.09
Radial Velocity9.00 ± 3.20 km/s
Spectral TypeB3Vn
Colour(B) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary system
Variable Star TypeBeta Lyrae (Sheliak)
Mean Variability Period in Days2.619
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.314 - 6.462

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)1,060.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature8,538 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

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