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V3961 Sagittarii, HD187474, HIP97749

V3961 Sagittarii is a blue rotating star that can be located in the constellation of Sagittarius. V3961 Sagittarii is the brightest star in Sagittarius based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP97749 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD187474. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 235. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

V3961 Sagittarii has alternative name(s), V3961 Sgr.

Location of V3961 Sagittarii

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V3961 Sagittarii, the location is 19h 51m 50.59 and -39d 52` 27.6 .

Proper Motion of V3961 Sagittarii

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -11.27 ± 0.33 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 18.42 ± 0.88 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -1.90000 km/s with an error of about 0.90 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of V3961 Sagittarii

V3961 Sagittarii has a spectral type of A0p. This means the star is a blue star. The star is 7319.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23871.8951473600000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.04 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 11,437 Kelvin.

V3961 Sagittarii Radius has been calculated as being 2.13 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,481,703.24.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.90. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

V3961 Sagittarii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

V3961 Sagittarii has an apparent magnitude of 5.32 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.24 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.49. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to V3961 Sagittarii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.62 which gave the calculated distance to V3961 Sagittarii as 339.05 light years away from Earth or 103.95 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 339.05 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 10.82 which put V3961 Sagittarii at a distance of 301.44 light years or 92.42 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,319.00 Parsecs or 23,871.90 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of V3961 Sagittarii

The star is a rotating Alpha2 Canum Venaticorum variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. V3961 Sagittarii brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.322 to a magnitude of 5.283 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

V3961 Sagittarii Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameV3961 Sagittarii
Short NameV3961 Sgr
Hipparcos Library I.D.97749
Gould I.D.235
Henry Draper Designation187474

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude0.24 / 0.49
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.32
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)19h 51m 50.59
Declination (Dec.)-39d 52` 27.6
Galactic Latitude-28.05 degrees
Galactic Longitude0.03 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth9.62 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 339.05 Light Years
 103.95 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth10.82 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 301.44 Light Years
 92.42 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,871.90 Light Years / 7,319.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-11.27 ± 0.33 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.18.42 ± 0.88 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.04
Radial Velocity-1.90 ± 0.90 km/s
Spectral TypeA0p
Colour(A) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassRotating
Variable Star TypeAlpha2 Canum Venaticorum
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)5.283 - 5.322

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature11,437 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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