Universe Guide


V453 Scorpii, HD163181, HIP87810

V453 Scorpii is a blue eclipsing very luminous supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Scorpius. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

HIP87810 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD163181.

V453 Scorpii has alternative name(s), V453 Sco.

Location of V453 Scorpii

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V453 Scorpii, the location is 17h 56m 16.08 and -32d28`30.0 .

Proper Motion of V453 Scorpii

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -2.99 ± 0.38 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 0.35 ± 0.58 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of V453 Scorpii

V453 Scorpii has a spectral type of O9.5Ia/ab. This means the star is a blue supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.42 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 6,335 Kelvin. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

V453 Scorpii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

V453 Scorpii has an apparent magnitude of 6.59 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -5.45. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to V453 Scorpii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -2.08 which gave the calculated distance to V453 Scorpii as -1568.09 light years away from Earth or -480.77 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -1568.09 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.39 which put V453 Scorpii at a distance of 8363.16 light years or 2564.10 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of V453 Scorpii

The star is a eclipsing Beta Lyrae (Sheliak)/Detached System with one or both giant and supergiant components variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. V453 Scorpii brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.870 to a magnitude of 6.480 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 12.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

V453 Scorpii Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameV453 Scorpii
Short NameV453 Sco
Hipparcos Library I.D.87810
Henry Draper Designation163181

Visual Facts

Star Typesupergiant star
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.59
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)17h 56m 16.08
Declination (Dec.)-32d28`30.0
Galactic Latitude-3.77 degrees
Galactic Longitude358.13 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth-2.08 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 -1568.09 Light Years
 -480.77 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth0.39 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 8363.16 Light Years
 2564.10 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-2.99 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.0.35 ± 0.58 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.42
Radial Velocity-43.00 ± 1.40 km/s
Spectral TypeO9.5Ia/ab
Colour(O) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing
Variable Star TypeBeta Lyrae (Sheliak)/Detached System with one or both giant and supergiant components
Mean Variability Period in Days12.006
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.480 - 6.870

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature6,335 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear

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