V805 Cassiopeiae is a red pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
HIP16319 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD21179.
V805 Cassiopeiae has alternative name(s) :- , V805 Cas.
BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+71 201.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V805 Cassiopeiae, the location is 03h 30m 19.39 and +71° 51` 50.0 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 0.99 ± 0.33 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 4.02 ± 0.42 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -25.11 km/s with an error of about 0.30 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.
V805 Cassiopeiae has a spectral type of M2III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star is 7,580.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,723.18 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.77 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,126 Kelvin.
V805 Cassiopeiae Radius has been calculated as being 44.56 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 31,003,951.56.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
V805 Cassiopeiae has an apparent magnitude of 6.37 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.73 Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.81 which gave the calculated distance to V805 Cassiopeiae as 856.07 light years away from Earth or 262.47 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 856.07 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,580.00 Parsecs or 24,723.18 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.
The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. V805 Cassiopeiae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.507 to a magnitude of 6.298 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.2 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||V805 Cassiopeiae|
|Alternative Names||HD 21179, HIP 16319, BD+71 201, V805 Cas|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||Giant Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||6.37|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||03h 30m 19.39|
|Declination (Dec.)||+71° 51` 50.0|
|Galactic Latitude||12.72 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||134.70 degrees|
|Distance from Earth||3.81 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|856.07 Light Years|
|Galacto-Centric Distance||24,723.18 Light Years / 7,580.00 Parsecs|
|Proper Motion Dec.||0.99 ± 0.33 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||4.02 ± 0.42 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||-25.11 ± 0.30 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Semi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||0.164|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||6.298 - 6.507|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||3,126 Kelvin|