V861 Scorpii is a blue eclipsing binary system supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Scorpius. The description is based on the spectral class. V861 Scorpii is not part of the constellation but is within the borders of the constellation.
The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
HIP82911 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD152667.
V861 Scorpii has alternative name(s) :- , V861 Sco.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V861 Scorpii, the location is 16h 56m 35.98 and -40° 49` 24.4 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.34 ± 0.35 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 0.57 ± 0.53 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -40.60 km/s with an error of about 1.30 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.
V861 Scorpii has a spectral type of B0.5Ia. This means the star is a blue supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.22 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,253 Kelvin.
V861 Scorpii has an apparent magnitude of 6.18 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.12. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -0.86 which gave the calculated distance to V861 Scorpii as -3792.60 light years away from Earth or -1162.79 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -3792.60 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.38 which put V861 Scorpii at a distance of 2363.50 light years or 724.64 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a eclipsing binary system Beta Lyrae (Sheliak) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. V861 Scorpii brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.411 to a magnitude of 6.157 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 7.8 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||V861 Scorpii|
|Alternative Names||HD 152667, HIP 82911, V861 Sco|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||very luminous Supergiant Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||6.18|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||16h 56m 35.98|
|Declination (Dec.)||-40° 49` 24.4|
|Galactic Latitude||1.46 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||344.53 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||-0.86 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|-3792.60 Light Years|
|2007 Distance from Earth||1.38 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|2363.50 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-1.34 ± 0.35 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||0.57 ± 0.53 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||-40.60 ± 1.30 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Eclipsing binary system|
|Variable Star Type||Beta Lyrae (Sheliak)|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||7.849|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||6.157 - 6.411|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||7,253 Kelvin|