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V939 Centauri

V939 Centauri Facts

V939 Centauri's Alternative Names

HIP62316 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD110967.

V939 Centauri has alternative name(s) :- , V939 Cen.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of V939 Centauri

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V939 Centauri, the location is 12h 46m 14.06 and -43° 59` 54.7 .

Proper Motion of V939 Centauri

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -2.72 ± 0.71 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 11.12 ± 1.01 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of V939 Centauri

V939 Centauri Colour and Temperature

V939 Centauri has a spectral type of M3III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.66 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,608 Kelvin.

V939 Centauri Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 62.57 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 43,538,683.32.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 57.60. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

V939 Centauri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

V939 Centauri has an apparent magnitude of 8.29 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.09 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.91. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to V939 Centauri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.84 which gave the calculated distance to V939 Centauri as 3882.90 light years away from Earth or 1190.48 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 3882.90 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.91 which put V939 Centauri at a distance of 3584.21 light years or 1098.90 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 226,662,816.18 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. V939 Centauri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 8.384 to a magnitude of 8.252 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional V939 Centauri Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameV939 Centauri
Alternative NamesHD 110967, HIP 62316, V939 Cen
Spectral TypeM3III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -2.09 / -1.91
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.29
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)12h 46m 14.06
Declination (Dec.)-43° 59` 54.7
Galactic Latitude18.86 degrees
Galactic Longitude301.94 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.84 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 3882.90 Light Years
 1190.48 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth0.91 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 3584.21 Light Years
 1098.90 Parsecs
 226,662,816.18 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-2.72 ± 0.71 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.11.12 ± 1.01 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.66

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.095
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.252 - 8.384

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)57.60
Effective Temperature3,608 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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