HIP68788 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue.
V991 Centauri has alternative name(s) :- , V991 Cen.
More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For V991 Centauri, the location is 14h 04m 48.16 and -34° 33` 47.2 .
V991 Centauri has a spectral type of K5. This means the star is a orange to red variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.63 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,689 Kelvin.
V991 Centauri has an apparent magnitude of 9.10 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -0.91 which gave the calculated distance to V991 Centauri as -3584.21 light years away from Earth or -1098.90 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -3584.21 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet. V991 Centauri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.297 to a magnitude of 9.147 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||V991 Centauri|
|Alternative Names||HIP 68788, V991 Cen|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||Variable Star|
|Colour||orange to red|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||9.10|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||14h 04m 48.16|
|Declination (Dec.)||-34° 33` 47.2|
|Galactic Latitude||25.91 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||319.68 degrees|
|Distance from Earth||-0.91 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|-3584.21 Light Years|
|-226,662,816.18 Astronomical Units|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||0.121|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||9.147 - 9.297|
|Effective Temperature||3,689 Kelvin|
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