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VZ Cancri, HD73857, HIP42594

VZ Cancri is a blue pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cancer. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. The star has an estimated age of 1.30 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.20 to 1.40 according to Hipparcos.

HIP42594 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD73857.

VZ Cancri has alternative name(s), VZ Cnc.

Location of VZ Cancri

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For VZ Cancri, the location is 08h 40m 52.14 and +09d49`27.3 .

Proper Motion of VZ Cancri

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -16.07 ± 0.36 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -27.65 ± 0.65 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age, Radius) of VZ Cancri

VZ Cancri has a spectral type of A7IIIvar. This means the star is a blue giant star. The star is 7510.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24494.8671344000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.28 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,322 Kelvin.

VZ Cancri Radius has been calculated as being 3.05 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,118,920.37.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.58. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.07 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.30 Billion years old but could be between 1.20 and 1.40 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

VZ Cancri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

VZ Cancri has an apparent magnitude of 7.73 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.40 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.76. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to VZ Cancri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 5.43 which gave the calculated distance to VZ Cancri as 600.67 light years away from Earth or 184.16 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 600.67 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 6.40 which put VZ Cancri at a distance of 509.63 light years or 156.25 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,510.00 Parsecs or 24,494.87 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of VZ Cancri

The star is a pulsating Phenomenologically, these resemble DSCT (Delta Sct) s and are pulsating subdwarfs of the spherical component, or old disk galactic population, with spectral s in the range A2-F5 variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. VZ Cancri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 7.994 to a magnitude of 7.362 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.2 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

VZ Cancri Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper NameVZ Cancri
Short NameVZ Cnc
Hipparcos Library I.D.42594
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+10 1848
Henry Draper Designation73857

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Age1.30 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.20 - 1.40 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude1.40 / 1.76
Visual / Apparent Magnitude7.73
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)08h 40m 52.14
Declination (Dec.)+09d49`27.3
Galactic Latitude28.74 degrees
Galactic Longitude216.50 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth5.43 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 600.67 Light Years
 184.16 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth6.40 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 509.63 Light Years
 156.25 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,494.87 Light Years / 7,510.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-16.07 ± 0.36 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-27.65 ± 0.65 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.28
Radial Velocity25.20 ± 0.40 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.07 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeA7IIIvar
Colour(A) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypePhenomenologically, these resemble DSCT (Delta Sct) s and are pulsating subdwarfs of the spherical component, or old disk galactic population, with spectral s in the range A2-F5
Mean Variability Period in Days0.178
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)7.362 - 7.994

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature7,322 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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