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X Sagittae (Carbon Star) Facts

X Sagittae Facts

X Sagittae's Alternative Names

HIP98909 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD190606.

X Sagittae has alternative name(s) :- , X Sge.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+20 4417.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of X Sagittae

The location of the carbon star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For X Sagittae, the location is 20h 05m 05.43 and +20° 38` 48.5 .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of X Sagittae

X Sagittae Colour and Temperature

X Sagittae has a spectral type of C6II. This means the star is a carbon red carbon star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 2.45 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 41 Kelvin.

X Sagittae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

X Sagittae has an apparent magnitude of 8.22 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Variable Type of X Sagittae

The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star w variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. X Sagittae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 8.441 to a magnitude of 8.097 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.3 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional X Sagittae Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameX Sagittae
Alternative NamesHD 190606, HIP 98909, BD+20 4417, X Sge
Spectral TypeC6II
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeCarbon Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.22
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 05m 05.43
Declination (Dec.)+20° 38` 48.5
B-V Index2.45

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemi-Regular Star w
Mean Variability Period in Days0.328
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.097 - 8.441

Estimated Calculated Facts

Effective Temperature41 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
190606+20 4417.0A1.00000-27.00000NB

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