XX Centauri is a blue to white pulsating luminous giant star that can be located in the constellation of Centaurus. The description is based on the spectral class. XX Centauri is not part of the constellation but is within the borders of the constellation.
The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
HIP66696 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD118769.
XX Centauri has alternative name(s) :- , XX Cen.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For XX Centauri, the location is 13h 40m 18.65 and -57° 36` 47.4 .
XX Centauri has a spectral type of F7/F8II. This means the star is a blue to white luminous giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.91 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,172 Kelvin.
XX Centauri Radius has been calculated as being 15.55 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 10,816,256.63.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
XX Centauri has an apparent magnitude of 7.82 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.63 Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number. }
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.04 which gave the calculated distance to XX Centauri as 1598.84 light years away from Earth or 490.20 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1598.84 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star is a pulsating Delta Cepheid variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. XX Centauri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 8.416 to a magnitude of 7.452 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 11.0 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||XX Centauri|
|Alternative Names||HD 118769, HIP 66696, XX Cen|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||Luminous Giant Star|
|Colour||blue to white|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||7.82|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||13h 40m 18.65|
|Declination (Dec.)||-57° 36` 47.4|
|Galactic Latitude||4.64 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||309.46 degrees|
|Distance from Earth||2.04 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|1598.84 Light Years|
|101,110,303.48 Astronomical Units|
|Radial Velocity||-18.10 ± 1.30 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Delta Cepheid|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||10.953|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||7.452 - 8.416|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||5,172 Kelvin|