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XY Cassiopeiae, HD236542, HIP3886

XY Cassiopeiae is a blue to white pulsating supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

XY Cassiopeiae's Alternative Names

HIP3886 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD236542.

XY Cassiopeiae has alternative name(s) :- , XY Cas.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of XY Cassiopeiae

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For XY Cassiopeiae, the location is 00h 49m 53.27 and +60 ° 07` 38.6 .

Proper Motion of XY Cassiopeiae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 0.60 ± 1.11 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -1.09 ± 1.83 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -42.00000 km/s with an error of about 2.70 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of XY Cassiopeiae

XY Cassiopeiae has a spectral type of F6Ib-G2Ib. This means the star is a blue to white supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,973 Kelvin.

XY Cassiopeiae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

XY Cassiopeiae has an apparent magnitude of 9.93 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.12. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to XY Cassiopeiae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.00 which gave the calculated distance to XY Cassiopeiae as -1 light years away from Earth or -1 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -1 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.74 which put XY Cassiopeiae at a distance of 1190.38 light years or 364.96 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of XY Cassiopeiae

The star is a pulsating Delta Cepheid variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. XY Cassiopeiae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.413 to a magnitude of 9.811 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 4.5 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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XY Cassiopeiae Facts

Visual Facts


 XY Cassiopeiae
Alternative NamesHD 236542, HIP 3886, XY Cas
Spectral TypeF6Ib-G2Ib
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type very luminous Supergiant Star
Colour blue to white
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationCassiopeia
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.93
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 49m 53.27
Declination (Dec.)+60 ° 07` 38.6
Galactic Latitude-2.74 degrees
Galactic Longitude122.74 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.00 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 -1 Light Years
 -1 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth2.74 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1190.38 Light Years
 364.96 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.0.60 ± 1.11 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-1.09 ± 1.83 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.00
Radial Velocity-42.00 ± 2.70 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeDelta Cepheid
Mean Variability Period in Days4.502
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)9.811 - 10.413

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature4,973 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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