XZ Carinae is a orange to red pulsating variable star that can be located in the constellation of Carina. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
HIP54101 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD305996.
XZ Carinae has alternative name(s) :- , XZ Car.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For XZ Carinae, the location is 11h 04m 13.48 and -60° 58` 47.8 .
XZ Carinae has a spectral type of K5. This means the star is a orange to red variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.07 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,824 Kelvin. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
XZ Carinae has an apparent magnitude of 8.53 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as -0.30 which gave the calculated distance to XZ Carinae as -10872.11 light years away from Earth or -3333.33 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, -10872.11 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star is a pulsating Delta Cepheid variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. XZ Carinae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.220 to a magnitude of 8.197 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 16.7 days (variability).
|Alternative Names||HD 305996, HIP 54101, XZ Car|
|Star Type||Variable Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||8.53|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||11h 04m 13.48|
|Declination (Dec.)||-60° 58` 47.8|
|Galactic Latitude||-0.77 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||290.29 degrees|
|Distance from Earth||-0.30 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|-10872.11 Light Years|
|Radial Velocity||3.00 ± 0.90 km/s|
|Colour||(K) Orange to Red|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Delta Cepheid|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||16.651|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||8.197 - 9.220|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||4,824 Kelvin|