Universe GuideSearchTwitterComments

XZ Centauri

XZ Centauri Facts

XZ Centauri's Alternative Names

HIP60502 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD107913.

XZ Centauri has alternative name(s) :- XZ Cen, XZ Cen.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of XZ Centauri

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For XZ Centauri, the location is 12h 24m 12.00 and -35° 38` 01.5 .

Proper Motion of XZ Centauri

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -9.69 ± 0.74 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -5.48 ± 1.37 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of XZ Centauri

XZ Centauri has a spectral type of M5III:e. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.21 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,472 Kelvin.

XZ Centauri Radius has been calculated as being 13.18 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 9,170,240.09.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 15.20. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

XZ Centauri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

XZ Centauri has an apparent magnitude of 9.71 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.36 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.05. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to XZ Centauri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.35 which gave the calculated distance to XZ Centauri as 2416.02 light years away from Earth or 740.74 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 2416.02 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.17 which put XZ Centauri at a distance of 2787.72 light years or 854.70 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 176,293,301.47 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Variable Type of XZ Centauri

The star is a pulsating Omicron Ceti variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. XZ Centauri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.315 to a magnitude of 8.361 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 268.4 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional XZ Centauri Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameXZ Centauri
Alternative NamesXZ Cen, HD 107913, HIP 60502, XZ Cen
Spectral TypeM5III:e
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 0.36 / 0.05
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.71
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)12h 24m 12.00
Declination (Dec.)-35° 38` 01.5
Galactic Latitude26.91 degrees
Galactic Longitude296.73 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.35 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2416.02 Light Years
 740.74 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.17 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2787.72 Light Years
 854.70 Parsecs
 176,293,301.47 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-9.69 ± 0.74 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-5.48 ± 1.37 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.21

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeOmicron Ceti
Mean Variability Period in Days268.400
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)8.361 - 10.315

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)15.20
Effective Temperature4,472 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment.

This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine