Universe GuideSearchTwitterComments

XZ Columbae

XZ Columbae Facts

XZ Columbae's Alternative Names

HIP27407 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue.

XZ Columbae has alternative name(s) :- , XZ Col.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of XZ Columbae

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For XZ Columbae, the location is 05h 48m 12.78 and -33° 13` 53.6 .

Proper Motion of XZ Columbae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 15.34 ± 0.79 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 5.41 ± 0.91 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of XZ Columbae

XZ Columbae Colour and Temperature

XZ Columbae has a spectral type of K5. This means the star is a orange to red variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.74 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,298 Kelvin.

XZ Columbae Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 53.26 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 37,059,519.26.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 24.34. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

XZ Columbae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

XZ Columbae has an apparent magnitude of 9.11 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.35 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.35. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to XZ Columbae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.81 which gave the calculated distance to XZ Columbae as 4026.71 light years away from Earth or 1234.57 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 4026.71 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.77 which put XZ Columbae at a distance of 1842.73 light years or 564.97 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 116,532,615.57 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. XZ Columbae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.271 to a magnitude of 9.168 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional XZ Columbae Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameXZ Columbae
Alternative NamesHIP 27407, XZ Col
Spectral TypeK5
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -1.35 / 0.35
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.11
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)05h 48m 12.78
Declination (Dec.)-33° 13` 53.6
Galactic Latitude-26.91 degrees
Galactic Longitude238.43 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.81 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 4026.71 Light Years
 1234.57 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.77 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1842.73 Light Years
 564.97 Parsecs
 116,532,615.57 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.15.34 ± 0.79 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.5.41 ± 0.91 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.74

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.078
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)9.168 - 9.271

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)24.34
Effective Temperature3,298 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment.

This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine