Universe Guide

XZ Fornacis

XZ Fornacis Facts

XZ Fornacis's Alternative Names

HIP9443 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD12463.

XZ Fornacis has alternative name(s) :- XZ For, XZ For.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of XZ Fornacis

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For XZ Fornacis, the location is 02h 01m 18.60 and -37° 04` 50.8 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of XZ Fornacis

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -148.59 ± 0.99 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 192.01 ± 1.57 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -6.60 km/s with an error of about 999.00 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

XZ Fornacis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 1.00 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of XZ Fornacis

XZ Fornacis Colour and Temperature

XZ Fornacis has a spectral type of G8. This means the star is a yellow variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.73 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,581 Kelvin.

XZ Fornacis Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 1.10 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 765,449.88.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.04. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

XZ Fornacis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

XZ Fornacis has an apparent magnitude of 9.91 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.79 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.91. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to XZ Fornacis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.46 which gave the calculated distance to XZ Fornacis as 344.78 light years away from Earth or 105.71 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 344.78 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 10.01 which put XZ Fornacis at a distance of 325.84 light years or 99.90 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 20,605,710.56 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,410.00 Parsecs or 24,168.70 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of XZ Fornacis

The star is a eclipsing binary sys Beta Lyrae (Sheliak) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. XZ Fornacis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.280 to a magnitude of 9.898 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.3 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional XZ Fornacis Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameXZ Fornacis
Alternative NamesXZ For, HD 12463, HIP 9443, XZ For
Spectral TypeG8
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 4.79 / 4.91
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.91
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)02h 01m 18.60
Declination (Dec.)-37° 04` 50.8
Galactic Latitude-72.21 degrees
Galactic Longitude251.30 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth9.46 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 344.78 Light Years
 105.71 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth10.01 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 325.84 Light Years
 99.90 Parsecs
 20,605,710.56 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,168.70 Light Years / 7,410.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-148.59 ± 0.99 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.192.01 ± 1.57 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.73
Radial Velocity-6.60 ± 999.00 km/s
Semi-Major Axis3630.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)1.00

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary sys
Variable Star TypeBeta Lyrae (Sheliak)
Mean Variability Period in Days0.308
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)9.898 - 10.280

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)1.04
Effective Temperature5,581 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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