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Z Andromedae, HD221650, HIP116287

Primary Facts on Z Andromedae

  • Z Andromedae's star type is cataclysmic giant star that can be located in the constellation of Andromeda. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Z Andromedae is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (M2III + B1eq) of the star, the star's colour is red .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 2912.17 light years away from us.

Z Andromedae's Alternative Names

HIP116287 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD221650.

Z Andromedae has alternative name(s) :- , Z And.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+48 4093.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Z Andromedae

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Z Andromedae, the location is 23h 33m 39.96 and +48° 49` 06.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Z Andromedae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -4.86 ± 1.97 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -6.23 ± 3.26 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -0.59 km/s with an error of about 0.17 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Z Andromedae

Z Andromedae has a spectral type of M2III + B1eq. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.12 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,628 Kelvin.

Z Andromedae Radius has been calculated as being 4.70 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,270,220.80.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 9.82. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Z Andromedae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Z Andromedae has an apparent magnitude of 10.60 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.45 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.85. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Z Andromedae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.34 which gave the calculated distance to Z Andromedae as 1393.86 light years away from Earth or 427.35 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1393.86 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.12 which put Z Andromedae at a distance of 2912.17 light years or 892.86 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 184,164,311.63 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Variable Type of Z Andromedae

The star is a cataclysmic Symbiotic s of the Z variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Z Andromedae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 11.025 to a magnitude of 10.476 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.4 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Z Andromedae Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameZ Andromedae
Alternative NamesHD 221650, HIP 116287, BD+48 4093, Z And
Spectral TypeM2III + B1eq
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
Colour red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 2.45 / 0.85
Visual / Apparent Magnitude10.60
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 4.5 - 6 Inch Telescope - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)23h 33m 39.96
Declination (Dec.)+48° 49` 06.0
Galactic Latitude-12.09 degrees
Galactic Longitude109.98 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.34 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1393.86 Light Years
 427.35 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.12 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2912.17 Light Years
 892.86 Parsecs
 184,164,311.63 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-4.86 ± 1.97 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-6.23 ± 3.26 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.12
Radial Velocity-0.59 ± 0.17 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassCataclysmic
Variable Star TypeSymbiotic s of the Z
Mean Variability Period in Days0.436
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)10.476 - 11.025

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature4,628 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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