Zeta Octantis is a blue to white giant star that can be located in the constellation of Octans. Zeta Octantis is the brightest star in Octans based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
Zeta Octantis is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR3678. HIP43908 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD79837.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Zeta Octantis, the location is 08h 56m 41.88 and -85d 39` 47.6 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 34.19 ± 0.17 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -116.93 ± 0.18 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -3.60000 km/s with an error of about 2.80 km/s .
Zeta Octantis has a spectral type of F0III. This means the star is a blue to white giant star. The star is 7378.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24064.3315203200000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.3 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,218 Kelvin.
Zeta Octantis Radius has been calculated as being 2.37 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,646,396.15.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.43. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
Zeta Octantis has an apparent magnitude of 5.43 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.01 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.95. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 20.73 which gave the calculated distance to Zeta Octantis as 157.34 light years away from Earth or 48.24 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 157.34 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 20.10 which put Zeta Octantis at a distance of 162.27 light years or 49.75 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,378.00 Parsecs or 24,064.33 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.
|Bayer Designation||Zeta Octantis|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||43908|
|Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id||3678|
|Henry Draper Designation||79837|
|Star Type||giant star|
|Absolute Magnitude||2.01 / 1.95|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||5.43|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||08h 56m 41.88|
|Declination (Dec.)||-85d 39` 47.6|
|Galactic Latitude||-24.82 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||298.85 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||20.73 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|157.34 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||20.10 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|162.27 Light Years|
|Galacto-Centric Distance||24,064.33 Light Years / 7,378.00 Parsecs|
|Proper Motion Dec.||34.19 ± 0.17 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-116.93 ± 0.18 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||-3.60 ± 2.80 km/s|
|Colour||(F) blue to white|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||7,218 Kelvin|