Zeta Pictoris is a blue to white subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Pictor. Zeta Pictoris is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP24829 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD35072.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Zeta Pictoris, the location is 05h 19m 22.11 and -50d36`23.5 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 227.43 ± 000.24 towards the north and 023.64 ± 000.23 east if we saw them in the horizon.
Zeta Pictoris has a spectral type of F7III-IV. This means the star is a blue to white subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.51 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 6,243 Kelvin.
Zeta Pictoris has been calculated as 2.36 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,638,985.62.km.
Zeta Pictoris has an apparent magnitude of 5.44 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.65 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.68. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 27.70 which gave the calculated distance to Zeta Pictoris as 117.75 light years away from Earth or 36.10 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 117.75 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 28.00 which put Zeta Pictoris at a distance of 116.49 light years or 35.71 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
|Bayer Designation||Zeta Pictoris|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||24829|
|Henry Draper Designation||35072|
|Star Type||subgiant star|
|Absolute Magnitude||2.65 / 2.68|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||05h 19m 22.11|
|1997 Distance from Earth||27.70 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|117.75 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||28.00 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|116.49 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||227.43 ± 0.24 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||23.64 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year|
|Colour||(F) blue to white|
|Radius (x the Sun)||2.36|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||6,243 Kelvin|